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Wildlife Guide

Travel Butlers Safari Holidays

Our Guide to the Wildlife you may encounter on a safari

Southern and East Africa are home to a wealth of wildlife, with many iconic National Parks including the world-famous Kruger National Park in South Africa, the Chobe National Park in Botswana, the South Luangwa National Park in Zambia, the Hwange National Park in Zimbabwe, the Etosha National Park in Namibia, the Masai Mara in Kenya, and the Serengeti National Park in Tanzania.

Leopard As well as the National Parks, there are numerous private conservancies which offer a more exclusive game viewing experience - such as the Sabi Sand which adjoins the Kruger National Park, or the conservancies that neighbour the Masai Mara Reserve.

In addition, there are many bird and animal sanctuaries that care for the injured, sick or orphaned, and run rehabilitation projects to give them an opportunity to return to their natural environment. These include the AfriCat Foundation in Namibia, and Moholoholo Wildlife Rehabilitation Centre near Hazyview in South Africa. In South Africa alone, over 8 million hectares, or 20 million acres, of land is devoted to the protection of wildlife. 

There are over 300 species of mammals found in Southern and East Africa today, and many can now only be found in the private game reserves/conservancies and National Parks.

The Big 5

Most people come on safari to see the Big 5 - lion, leopard, elephant, buffalo and rhino. The term 'Big 5' is not a reference to their size, but an old hunting term relating to how difficult and dangerous these animals were to hunt and shoot. If a  hunter could 'bag' one of the Big 5, it was a real trophy.

Birds and Reptiles

Over 900 birds are found in Southernand East Africa, of which about 150 migrate to the region every year for the summer months. The majority come from the Northern Hemisphere, but some only come as far as from Central and North Africa. Keen birdwatchers are in their element, but for 'non-twitchers', there are still some extremely large, odd-looking or just stunningly coloured birds that are still worth grabbing the binoculars for.

Only 3 of the 4 'orders' of reptiles are found in Southern and East Africa - crocodiles, shelled reptiles (terrapins, turtles and tortoises) and scaled reptiles (snakes and lizards).  The 4th order, the tuataras, is only found in New Zealand.